Topic: International struggles

  • How they saw Lenin

    The author of Lenin and the Revolutionary Party surveys the many evaluations of the best-known leader of the 1917 Revolution.

  • Calling for peace...and renewed offensives

    Two appeals by right-wing Russian socialists in May 1917 show how they couched support for war in the language of peace.

  • A life of power and privilege

    David Rockefeller's life shows how the rich shape everything from who gets elected to office to what art is allowed to be produced.

  • Hope in the revolution

    A historian considers what four American eyewitnesses to the Russian Revolution have to say to us about the event today.

  • Joining together to achieve peace

    An appeal issued 100 years ago by the moderate socialists leading the Petrograd Soviet calls for unity in the cause of peace.

  • The only guarantee of Polish independence

    One hundred years ago, Polish socialists in Petrograd pointed to the Russian Revolution as the hope for liberation from empire.

  • Soldiers, take power into your own hands!

    This appeal from Russian socialists shortly after the February Revolution called on soldiers to side with the workers' councils.

  • For a general strike against autocracy

    One hundred years ago, Russian socialists called for an insurrectionary strike--on the day centuries of Tsarist rule finally ended.

  • Five days that ended an empire

    In the space of less than a week in 1917, workers in Russia overturned the old order and set the stage for a year of revolution.

  • She stood on the barricades

    Elisabeth Dmitrieff was a socialist and a fighter in the Paris Commune who sought to improve conditions for working women.

  • A day to prepare for conquering the enemy

    A leaflet issued by Russian socialists 100 years ago to honor Working Women's Day anticipated the revolution that began that day.

  • When Russia had a YUGE revolution

    The anniversary of the Russian Revolution brings to mind the similarities between Tsar Nicholas II and a certain other dim tyrant.

  • Take all power into the hands of your soviets

    A historian of the Russian Revolution looks at how revolutionaries put their belief in workers' self-emancipation into practice.

  • For a provisional revolutionary government

    Weeks before the uprising against the Tsar, the Bolsheviks agitated for a one-day strike with the aim of advancing workers' power.

  • Only a provisional government can bring peace

    With the social crisis intensifying, Russian socialists from the Mensheviks called for a provisional government to replace the Tsar.

  • The day of the people's wrath is near

    In a foreshock of the revolution to come, Russian socialists called for a protest strike on the anniversary of a previous uprising.

  • To the revolutionary students of Russia

    As the first installment in a series to mark 100 years since Russia 1917, we publish a leaflet from Bolshevik-influenced students.

  • Eyewitness to Hungary’s revolution

    Sixty years ago, Hungarian workers rose up in defiance of intense repression and challenged the Stalinist dictatorship.

  • Aciertos y fallas de un rebelde

    Ernesto "Che" Guevara debe ser celebrado por su valor y espíritu igualitario, y criticado por su visión autoritaria del socialismo.

  • A call for workers' power to end the war

    One hundred years ago, a leading antiwar socialist in Germany laid out the importance of a revolution to end the First World War.

  • The myth of the nobility of war

    The Battle of the Somme is a stark example of the horror of war for a generation fed a false narrative about patriotic commitment.

  • Liebknecht's cry of defiance in a military court

    One hundred years ago, German socialist Karl Liebknecht was sent to prison for protesting the First World War on May Day.

  • The Kiental Manifesto

    Socialist opponents of the First World War who came together in Zimmerwald in 1915 met again a year later to issue a new appeal.

  • Ireland's Easter Rising against colonial rule

    One hundred years ago, Irish resistance in Britain's oldest colony stood in defiance to imperial rule--and inspired others around the world to follow.

  • Ireland's fight for self-determination

    In July 1916, Russian revolutionary Lenin offered his analysis of the Irish uprising against British rule, the Easter Rising.